I have been reading a lot about DSD the last few days and am almost ready to signup. My biggest concern however has to do with paypal withholding funds during the first few months. That is, a person sales items at profit on ebay, then goes to Amazon to dropship the items to the customers, but can’t use the funds that they received from sells on ebay to make the purchase on Amazon because paypal is holding the funds until proof is brought that the sold item has already been shipped.
There’s not necessarily a single answer to this question because your earnings depend largely on one important factor: you. If you’re willing to put in the work, and you are working with an MLM that fits your interests and passion, you’ll probably find yourself earning a pretty penny. However, if you choose an MLM that has a mission and products that you don’t have interest in, then your chances for success are far lower.
Joining the right MLM model will offer you with the opportunity to pull in an additional income, or to focus on making sales and building your down line on a full-time basis. However, choosing a program with low compensations or products that do not meet high quality standards will make it very difficult for you to generate sales and earn an interesting income.
Natura Cosmetics – Natura Cosmetics is based in Brazil and is considered the only South American MLM company to enter the top 10 list of MLM companies. The company boasts of more than $2 billion as its annual revenue. The company mainly deals with personal care, fragrances, cosmetics and other personal hygiene products. They have a worldwide presence of members to sell their products to a worldwide client base. The company is considered one of the best pay masters among the multi level marketing companies in the world.

Consumer safeguards are policies a company can implement to minimize the possibility of consumer harm. Because a distributor’s success depends on his or her efforts along with market conditions, there’s no way to completely eliminate the chance of distributor losses. But…things can be done to minimize the sting if a distributor gets stuck with product they no longer want. The smart companies spend more money than required to build these safeguards. The easiest protection is offering a generous refund policy on unused or unsellable inventory. It’s considered a best-practice to offer a 12 month buyback period on resellable inventory. The refund needs to be clearly published and easy to understand, and customer support needs to make the experience of requesting a refund as painless as possible.
Having studied the psychology and behavior of boomers, this example represents a major shift in my thinking about the industry.  I no longer perceive these types of opportunities as money-making pyramid schemes.  Instead, I now see it as a way to enhance many of the personal aspects of retirement that are rarely discussed let alone planned for, with the added benefit of supplementing other popular retirement income sources such as pension and social security.

There truly has never been a better time to join this life-changing company. You have the opportunity to make this business what you want it to be: a shoe fund, a mortgage payment, a vehicle payment, home-makeover, pay off debt, etc.  The anti-aging industry is worth over $250 Billion, and the sky is the limit when it comes to building your own successful business as a Rodan+Fields consultant. 

In order to find success with any of the top MLM opportunity, it comes down to finding a company that is the right fit for you. There is a lot to consider in the decision-making process. How long has the company been around? What is the compensation plan like? Is it an opportunity that you can feel passionate about? The answers to your questions will ultimately determine your future.


How does a pink stun gun sound? If you’re an advocate of women protecting themselves and their children with self-defense weapons, consider selling with Damsel in Defense. The company offers female-oriented stun guns, pepper spray, door alarms and other self-defense tools. For $179, you’ll receive multiple stun guns, pepper spray, kid tracker, door alarm, auto tool, brochures, business cards and more.
I have totally fallen in love with the personal connections you make at home parties and the far-reaching “ripple effect” of sharing our mission through the home party model (which is hilarious because I never even used to go to home parties). It’s also a super predictable way to conduct business since you generally know that if a hostess has 10 people show you’ll be walking away with a $700 or more party (that’s been huge in making this sustainable for my family). But I love that when a month is a little slower on the home party front that I can put together a couple of quick online shows or dig up a vendor event to make some fresh contacts. There are so many ways to work this business. 

In this industry, it takes more than an idea to be successful. It takes execution, and execution requires deep vertical knowledge. Vertical knowledge refers to a broad understanding of the nuances in this industry, only obtained through years of experience. Experienced leaders know how to avoid distraction, conserve resources, be encouraging yet firm with the field and, if necessary, know when and how to fight.

Norwex is also a great company to do direct sales with. Based out of Norway, the company has been around for over 20 years. They produce high quality microfiber cloths that can be used to clean your entire house with only water. Their mission is to reduce the use of toxic chemicals. 35% commission. No monthly dues or sales goals. They’ll send you your starter kit at no cost. All you have to do is sell $2000 in your first 90 days. If you don’t meet that goal you do have to pay $200 for your starter kit, but there are no other obligations. Lots of great incentives
Multi-level marketing companies or MLM companies sell their products by hiring a network of members rather than through retail outlets. The direct marketing concept has been used from a long time back to sell products to clients. It has been active for more than 5-6 decades throughout the world. This concept gave birth to the MLM industry later on.
What’s made Isagenix so successful? A combination of science-backed and evidence-based products that actually work, and an industry leading compensation plan. Thousands of people around the world are earning an additional, part-time or full-time income with Isagenix. Find out more and see if Isagenix is right for you at https://www.timetocleanse.com.
To join NYR Organic in February – kit is $80 with worth of $400+ products, plus shipping and tax, which is around $104. Usuallt the kit is $149. To stay active all you have to do is purchase once every 12 months $100 worth of product. No monthly sales requirements and you will have 25% off all the products. Check out my website and contact for more details.

One of the giant SEO network marketers in the game is Rob Fore, and yet he promotes MLSP as his best venture.  This should mean a lot to those out there.  This company is still in the neighbourhood, even with all the steam clearing away, they still have something left to give the digital MLM industry (although they are up against companies like: Tecademics, Digital Altitude, Empower Network, Wealthy Affiliate).

Then what? Carrie recruits new hostesses and consultants at every event and saves customers' sizes for easy reordering. She now works three nights a week, typically two at parties and one on coaching calls, encouraging her team to set tangible personal earning goals. Her own income goes toward her mortgage, saving for her kids' college tuitions and charitable donations. "It helps to sell something that every woman needs," Carrie says. "Bra measurement is a dying art." One customer was so thankful to find a good-fitting bra that she bought six. "I never really thought of myself as a salesperson, but magic happens when you find a product you completely believe in."
This was the most useless, uninformative, article I have wasted my time with. I'm scratching my head right now, as I thought I was clicking on an article that someone actually did research of "the top 20 best direct sales company's", not : "um, I know nothing about direct sales, nor did any research but I will name 20 companies, I may or may not know anything about".... numbering them, then writing paragraphs of blah, blah, did not even bother googling company for facts, but you could, as I'm not that smart. I really hope you don't get paid for crap like this and if you do .... please share that secret. I would love to write articles (I would even do legit research and be knowledgeable) and get paid doing so. ** 100% serious if you are making $$ off this article please share your secret, as this is a very disappointing, misleading article full of paragraphs of crap nonsense from you. I initially clicked as I was an independent consultant for Partylite (surprised not mentioned however knock off cheap quality scentsy was) and looking if PL was still the best option to make $ PT and possibly get information on 20 companies that "are the best" with info like start up costs, commission %, pyramid formed companies vs non, web site maintenance costs, consumer interest, background info more specific than they have been around since the 1800s?!? SMH... what a waste of time to read this. If I Google PL it gives me that info and you misled me to think you did the research for me. So please let me know how I can make $ after I do it by writing a better article then this. Good luck!

(Update: In June 2017, the co-founder, Dave Wood, has for the time being stepped down following his check-in into drug rehabilitation and the company no longer exists). I wonder if the buzz of Empower Network will ever die down? This is one of those rare gems of the MLM industry that exploded onto the scene and did not hit a bump in the road by dying out only after a year of being out there.  Although now the company is on decline, and its highly doubtful they’ll make it on any lists in the years to come.


Business Relauncher is on prelaunch  and it will launched to the public in early 2017 which make it big opportunity as we all know in the network marketing industry, the people who join in the biguining all have big advantage as they are considered as pioneer and on the top the line. Business relauncher offer digital maketing such us SEO, PPC Management, Web Development, Email Marketing and more.

First off, I think it's awesome that you and your friends are earning so well with It Works! As I mentioned in my post "selling for It Works requires an intense amount of motivation and work, without which you'll surely fail. This is more like a Work-At-Home career choice than a stay-at-home mom hobby. There seems to be an opportunity for serious cash here, but there's also opportunity to fail and lose money." It sounds like you've been diligent to work hard, hustle your products, and really own this business and that's the energy and effort it takes to make big bucks in any selling career. I did use the word "fail" but the context was in a person not applying themselves to the product. I think you would agree you've had to apply yourself because that's the nature of marketing and selling.

Best MLM companies 2018 : For companies who wish to avoid spending huge amounts of money in the traditional way of advertising the Multi-Level Marketing scheme has proved itself to be of a more worthy and profitable way for promoting the companies with big business logo design and an overall servicing concept. Another positive aspect of the multi-level marketing is that it provides for the possibility for millions of active people and corporations that are not big enough to make profits. Beneath is the list of the most reliable, popular, recognizable and the best MLM companies as of Summer 2017.
Before I made a commitment to the company, I tested the products and activity workbooks on my four year old to see if liked them. Not only did he like them...he loves them! That made my decision easier. It's not a get rich quick, you have to put in some work. But as an educator, former tutoring company owner, and a mom, I really wanted a quality product to sell with a small monetary investment. An important thing about Fundanoodle is the support from the company's owner and the other Fundanoodle ambassadors. I've have never witnessed a more kind and supportive group of ladies that want everyone to succeed.
I came across this page as I googled “selling products from home” I am in desperate need to do something to bring income into my household. My husband just got laid off work, I’m a 22 year old mom to 2 adorable boys (3 & 1 years old). My husband has done everything he can and refuses I work because he feels it’s his responsibility to bring in the income at home, but right now I just feel like I need to step in and do something to help out! It is hard for me to go out and work which is why I’m seeking a work from home job.If anyone can help me get started or has any advice they can share with me please email me.
Their product lines also include girls and toddler/baby sizes. But here's the bad news: consultants only earn a 25% commission so if you sell around three pairs of leggings in an order you're only earning about $13. If you can hustle your products and remember that that's all of the work you really have to do unless you decide to also host trunk shows, then the potential to earn a steady side-income is there.
Another thought - this has nothing to do with direct sales but as an RN there are actually some pretty lucrative work from home opportunities that you might want to look into if you're interested in using your education, just not having to deal with the commute. Two of these are working from home as a nurse auditor or a care advisor. Basically, you can use your knowledge to give advice remotely and get paid well to do it. One site I use to look for work-from-home jobs is FlexJobs, but there are SO many out there (and many that don't cost anything- FlexJobs requires a membership). Indeed is another place to look.
Im not sure where you get your information but you are wrong on It Works. I have been with thr company 3 years now and have paid off all my credit cards and paid off my car in full. The start up cost is only $99 which you would know had you actually reasearched and looked at the site. Your comment about being sure to fail is way off. I haven't failed, my team hasn't failed and neither have those that I know personally making $100,000 per month. It Works is a Billion Dollar DEBT FREE company. Our CEO is awesome. Had you done full research, you would see the truth about how great of a company this is. Like ALLLLL DS companies, you get out of it what you put into it. If anyone says you're sure to fail, they failed themsleves, the company didnt fail them. Im very disappointed that this type of blogging isnt fact related but simply opinion bases.
mlw831 thanks for sharing that insight! I'm actually sort of shocked that the Avon model is so...ancient? In my experience buying from direct sales companies, most makeup companies send the product directly to the customer and the representative simply does just that - represent, without holding any kind of inventory or having to do any travel other than parties they can plan in their own time (and they're not even necessary). Good info for anyone considering Avon who may not have the time or energy to hand deliver each order.
Blogging— I love blogging! It offers you a great outlet to share your ideas with the world, and there are lots of ways you can “monetize” your blog and develop income streams, which means your income potential is basically unlimited. Blogging does require work and you’ll need to learn a lot (either on your own or through a course), but it’s really popular with moms for good reasons.
I was skimming through the postings on this site and wanted to respond to you with another great company that is highly recommended by top endorsers in the sports industry. I can vouch for them since I’ve tried and had results with the products. The company, AdvoCare. You are welcome to visit my site ans read my story as well as others -> https://www.advocare.com/13042399/default.aspx Give me a call or send email to advoalive@gmail.com. Should you want to join only as a Preferred Customer instead of a Distributor, the joining price is AMAZING!! Visit here: https://www.advocare.com/13042399/Enrollment/PreferCustomerBasicInfo.aspx Let me know what you think! Thanks!
Dr. Brezinski’s point is well taken and easy to see practiced by popular network marketing companies.  Many MLM and NM companies tout a three-to-five year plan to attain freedom and wealth, yet many of the people running company meetings have been in the business for five or ten years and still haven’t left their full-time job or landed on easy street.  “As it turns out,” Dr. Brezinski notes, “when other human needs are being met, the members and consultants don’t focus solely on the financial aspects.”

Diets…fad diets, new diets, old diets…it’s an endless story especially in the 2000’s, and this company is one of those companies.  The FDA had a run-in with these guys and they are not in the greatest standings with the BBB either, which seem to be the norm with weight loss pills of the “magical results” variety.   Well the good news for this business is that they’ve managed to keep trending for 5 years (that’s a pretty good streak), and the company reps are earning a colossal 50% in commissions.


These brothers from Israel changed the minds of the entrepreneurs behind the company, Seacret Direct, when they managed to take the typical start up business from the kiosk (you know those booths in the mall) to the beyond and turned it into a global direct selling company worth millions of dollars.  These skincare product companies are pretty boring these days, but the company’s dead sea products originate with a 5,000-year-old history and a huge fan following. 

Primerica Financial Services – This is the only financial services company to be listed under the top ten MLM companies in the world. They have an impressive track record in the industry. The company is mainly active within the North American territory. Primerica Financial Services does over $2 billion on an annual basis. It is one of the top MLM companies in the world.
Writing – Whether it is blog content, articles, or business letters, this way of monetizing your skills has become quite common. Micro-job sites like Fiverr allow you to post your skills as “gigs” that you sell for a price, usually a few dollars. Sites like Freelancer and Upwork are “business to consumer” sites where sellers are linked with buyers. Most of the time jobs are awarded based on skills, qualification, buyer needs, and bids made by the seller (you, the freelancer) to get the buyer’s work done. Other sites screen you by requiring you to provide a sample before you are graded and placed in the appropriate writer level based on your writing skill.
I am a Founding Consultant for a wonderful new ground floor direct selling company that is currently wide open in the US. The company has been in prelaunch for over a year and during that time has had great success testing their products in several locations in the US. The company was able to create a wonderful new training program and website that makes it so simple to provide training to you and your downline and serve your customers. If the idea of being in business, being the first in your area, and selling upscale products that are guaranteed to be the best in quality and workmanship sounds like something you might like to do. Then, we should talk. I always ask my customers one simple question, “Where can you find the perfect gift for every occasion, have it personalized at no extra charge, gift wrapped and delivered for you and you never have to leave your home to do it?”
Hi. Great post and very informative as I did not know some of these existed. I would like to also add Arbonne to this list. My sister-in-law introduced it to me 3 years ago and it is still relatively unknown (especially since she was the only one I knew of that was talking about it and selling it). After two years of getting samples from here and hosting my own free facial party/girls night, I was hooked. The products are very impressive and all natural/vegan. I recommend everyone at least get a facial to try. We sell skincare, haircare, makeup, and even nutrition, all of which I have tried and highly recommend.
Selling creative and fun fashion for girls and women, Matilda Jane offers a unique career opportunity for women who love clothing. Women who are interested in joining must first host a trunk show to get a better feel for the company. Once you’ve completed that step you can fill out an online application for consideration. Clothes and accessories range from $16 – $112.
Direct Sales— This is one of the most common ways of making money for stay-at-home moms. Direct selling is simply selling another person’s product or service to receive a percentage of the sale (commission). This has enormous potential, and can easily help you earn money online. A word of caution though — before you join any business opportunity, investigate the company, make sure the product is available and reliable, and ensure you have a good knack for selling. Stella & Dot is one of my favorite direct sales opportunities.
I just wanted to give a shout out to my awesome direct sales company, Premier Designs!! We are a Christian based jewelry company selling high fashion jewelry at an affordable price. We make 50% commission off of every sale, and get paid immediately. We make 10% commission off of our 1st, 2nd and 3rd level downlines. Premier is an amazing company with the best customer service ever. The start up cost is a little higher than some of the other companies listed here, but you make it back within the first few shows. And we offer some of the most generous hostess benefits as well.
Apparently, he did everything he was asked, from buying monthly training products to attending conferences, which can get expensive. Today, those costs are greatly reduced. The Internet, online training, flat-rate long distance and/or cell phone service, and free and affordable online marketing have made building any business, including MLM, much more affordable. 
I am a Founding Consultant for a wonderful new ground floor direct selling company that is currently wide open in the US. The company has been in prelaunch for over a year and during that time has had great success testing their products in several locations in the US. The company was able to create a wonderful new training program and website that makes it so simple to provide training to you and your downline and serve your customers. If the idea of being in business, being the first in your area, and selling upscale products that are guaranteed to be the best in quality and workmanship sounds like something you might like to do. Then, we should talk. I always ask my customers one simple question, “Where can you find the perfect gift for every occasion, have it personalized at no extra charge, gift wrapped and delivered for you and you never have to leave your home to do it?”
Ritual’s vegan, non-gmo vitamins offer open source information about their supplies, offer the most beneficial nutrients and are all-natural. Earn commissions on online store referrals to Ritual’s website. Refer friends online using social media, email, and also in person. Monthly subscription program. Learn more about Ritual’s Affiliate Program for Free! >
Your mom and even your grandma may have shopped with Avon, as this venerable company has been around since 1886 (years before women had the right to vote in the U.S.!). It's such a well-known brand that you'll never have to explain what it is. Offerings include makeup, skin care, bath and body products, fragrance, jewelry, fine silver jewelry and fashion, so it's basically one-stop shopping. Kits to get you started begin at $25, and you can earn up to 40 percent on sales. A KickStarter program helps you earn commissions faster if you meet specific sales goals in a certain time frame.
Hi Jesse, That does help some…thanks for answering my questions. My other questions are: I am not connected with nearly as many people as it sounds like you are. How can I be successful in this business? Also, morally I struggle with charging someone more money for something that they can get somewhere else? I know…not much of a business acumen. Lol thanks,
As one of the top 10 fastest growing MLM’s, ranked on fortune 500, raved about by MLM review sites , all natural weight loss and wellness products, no GMO’s, No gluten etc and 10’s of thousands of glowing testimonials they are hard to overlook. The retention rate is excellent, the company has a 1% return rate on products which is unheard of as well as the best compensation plan available to any MLM rep. I think it’s safe to say if you do another article like this you would do your readers a great service by checking Plexus out. I really did enjoy the article as I am a multi MLM participant.

What I love most about Mary & Martha is that we have a ministry in the marketplace. I have built some beautiful friendships in my community and with fellow M&M consultants. Our products are beautiful and inspiring. My goal at each of my events is to BLESS those with me. B – begin in prayer, L – listen to the Holy spirit, E eat together, S serve, S share my story.
The company. Too many people get lured by the hype, without stopping to consider the company or its product/service. What does the company sell and can you get excited about it? What are the compensation plan, marketing system, and policies, and can you work with it? Is it a member of the DSA, and through your research, been found to be a legitimate company?
Hi Jeremy great article. Here’s my take for what it is worth,after working 50 years for the bank making not so much money,having to accommodate there time schedule ,negotiated vacations and seeing very few people advance to 6 figure incomes,I’m somewhat intrigued by the idea of using my retirement years looking at mlm as a part time endeavour . Obviously I put a lot of blood sweat and tears into my previous job,so I’m not expecting to make my millions in a couple years in mlm, but I like the (do it in your own time) idea. If I find a product I like and would use anyway why not? I also like the idea that the potential is there biased on your own efforts. Am I wrong What do you think?
Appreciate the hard work studying this… Im apart of the #1 company on there Advocare… have been for 7 years and one of the higher paid single guys in the nation… I just have to disagree with “over priced Products” comment. There is a mark up on every product in the world… Our products actually work which is why those endorsers you mentioned turn down high level incomes with other companies to endorse us for a stipend of products per month. Advocare has numerous people making a great profit and even more just enjoying a product they would pay double what they do for to feel the way they do. Success rate isnt low my friend… Its just the quit rate is through the roof. Highly recommend everyone seeing this and you sir to watch “Rise of the Entrepreneur” by Eric Worre on Itunes to get some serious facts about the MLM industry. Thanks for all the research and blessings!
Backstory: Leah discovered Celebrating Home at a school PTO event, while living on Grand Forks Air Force base in North Dakota. Having just finished chemo for cervical cancer (she's in remission now), she hosted a party for fun. While it was winding down, her husband, David, 32, came in from his second job and said, "You could sell that stuff." Leah laughed it off, but David encouraged her to try. "He felt I needed something positive after being so sick," she says. When offered a start-up kit for half price as part of a special promotion, Leah bought in and lined up events with friends on the base, showing how to cook quick meals and set beautiful tables with the stoneware. 

Hi! I’ve been with Amway for almost a year and I believe it’s the best direct selling company there is! There are over 450 products and something for everyone. This includes Artistry skincare and makeup line which is in the top 5 of skincare in the world; Nutrilite vitamins and supplements, the #1 selling vitamin brand in the world; and Legacy of Clean products which are extremely safe yet effective cleaning products, to name a few. You don’t need to keep inventory on hand and you don’t need to have parties, but you can if you want. You can choose however you’d like to run your business. Plus there is a 180 day money back guarantee on all products, except 90 days on some skincare, which is still a long time. Check out my website: http://www.Amway.com/chelseyphipps. Or feel free to email me! Chelseyphipps@outlook.com
Thoroughly enjoyed reading your mlm breakdowns and the comments, thank you Jeremy. Had a successful mlm business but had to make a decision to give it up or have a breakdown due to ongoing upline bullying so at a big crossroads at the minute. being an ‘older’ lady here in the north of England doesn’t bode well for conventional job hunting in the current economic climate so some serious thinking needed on my part and QUICKLY lol. Thanks again Jeremy x
And did you see that? Team members? I'm about to promote to Director in the next month - just six months after starting. And again, not because I've been badgering people to join, just because I'm connecting with people who love the products and, for whatever reasons, want to become a consultant. I have one team member who has a $150/month deficit in her current budget, but she is a single mom and need something she can do on her own timing. Another wants to learn to cook better and loves the products. Another lady just retired and needs some extra income and wants to get out and meet people still. I'm super grateful for the team I signed up with as well. They've been great to work with, super helpful, and don't pressure me to do anything other than reach my own goals.
Well it seems like forever, but isn’t that how long ago 1993 feels? That’s when this MLM popped its head onto the scene and they haven’t gone anywhere since.  This is how you build a company from the ground up. Step 1: trustworthy name brand and Step 2: strong foundation. With these solid steps businesses can go anywhere, and a half billion in yearly sales won’t hurt either.
MLM has stretched its sticky fingers out into just about every product market out there, so it’s kinda hard to do something new nowadays. But Jamberry Nails did it. Their adhesive, custom nail designs BLEW UP when they hit the direct sales floor. They built up an army of over 100,000 consultants in the time it takes most people to get a mediocre pay raise at their 9-5.
Everything Happy is a new Direct Sales organization that sells an amazing and growing collection of Children’s products. The company was started by a 7 year old boy who wanted to bring smiles to children all over the world and after watching his sisters play with their stuffed animals and blankies, he came up with the idea for Happy Blankie and lie of incredibly soft blankies in the shape of animal faces with huge smiles on them. As our company developed we added stuffed animals and clothing and plan to add much more into the future! But, the most amazing thing about Everything Happy is the Mission of One to Love, One to Give. For every item we sell, we donate one of the exact same item to a child in need. We have donated thousands of products across the US and all over the world.
Then what? To cultivate repeat business, Kate does specialty workshops on topics like Caulking, Energy Efficiency, and Drywall Repair. She strives for four events a month, targeting high-exposure home shows when possible. ("But I won't spend more than $500 on a booth.") Each tool party is an "empowerment session," she says. "I've met women who've never even held a hammer, yet they leave feeling capable of doing basic repairs." Kate has learned a lot too. She recently installed a ceiling fan all on her own. "When I switched it on and it didn't wobble, I felt incredibly accomplished," she says.
Backstory: Nakia drafted a proposal for her Essential Soul Purpose Youth (ESPY) mentoring program, for ages 14 to 17, and pitched it to company CEO Nadine Thompson, who loved the idea. Nakia found 15 interested teens through her kids and sales force. They kicked off with a fashion show fundraiser in February 2011, with aspiring entrepreneurs modeling Soul Purpose makeup and clothes from local boutiques, to build buzz and recruit community mentors.
If you remember those ads for P90X and Insanity, you are not alone because they were something to rave about at one point in time.  They have dropped off a tad, but nonetheless Beachbody is still a well-known name.  The company is so focused on their products, very few people know that they are a network marketing company.  Which can be seen as an advantage for the company’s survival, but they are questionable as a “hot offer” to advertise.
×